AUG 28, 2014

5 Sewing machine stitches and when to use them

If you’re new to sewing then the array of different stitches available on a sewing machine can be a little overwhelming at first.  What do all those different dotted and dashed lines mean? And when is it appropriate to use each one?

To get you started this blog will look at 5 essential stiches and when to use them.

Straight stitch

This is definitely the least daunting stitch.  Even the most novice of sewers will have probably used a straight stitch (or running stitch) at some point in their lives.  The straight stitch is very flexible and can be used for a variety of purposes including seams, top stitching, basting and gathering.

Zigzag stitch

The zigzag stitch is essentially a lot like the straight stitch only with added width! The zigzag stitch is stretchier than the straight stich making it a better option for sewing stretchy materials like elastic.  This stitch is also commonly used for sewing on appliques, buttonholes and finishing the edge on raw seams.

Decorative stich

Your sewing machine may or may not have an option for decorative stitches such as ball, diamond, daisy and honeycomb stitches.  Decorative stitches are used to add interest to a garment and create bold designs.

Blind hem stitch

The blind hem stitch is used to create neat hems.  When the blind hem stitch is used you should barely be able to see the stitching from the right side of the fabric.  Most machines will also have a stretch blind hem stitch for sewing stretchy fabrics.

Overlock stitch

Overlock stitches are used for stitching and finishing a seam in just one step.  When using the overlock stitch you will need to attach a special overlock foot to your machine too.  The foot has a pin on which you will need to align with the raw edge of your fabric. Using the overlock stitch can be a little time consuming but it gives a very neat and secure finish to your sewing.

Created on 28th August 2014
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